Household inverter

Power is a basic need for every electronic gadget for its operation. And in most of the gadgets power supply is taken as an AC power (110 to 220 volts) input. As we know that most houses have a power inverter to provide power to home appliances during the absence main power supply (AC power). We are here to understand about the household inverters. But before going to the household inverters, we need to know about DC and AC power.

What are DC and AC power?

Direct current or DC was developed by Thomas Alva Edison. In this current charge carriers (electrons) moves in one direction that’s why it is also known as unidirectional current. DC current flows through conducting material like wire and also flows through the semiconductors. A battery is the best example of a DC power source. Every electronic appliance uses DC power.

Alternating current or AC was developed by great scientist Nikola Tesla. In the AC power supply, the direction of the charge carriers (electrons) or current changes with respect to time. AC power is widely used because it is easy to distribute from one point to another point with fewer losses.

What is the household inverter?

An inverter is an important part of the Indian household. It is much easier to connect and use than a generator and ensures that you have a power backup in case of a mains power cut. Now a day’s household inverters are becoming a basic element of life. At present time household inverters also come with wireless connectivity like Bluetooth and Wi-Fi to provide better control on it.

A household inverter converts 12 volt DC power to standard household main power (110 to 220 volts AC power.), which allows you to run AC electrical types of equipment like Television, Computers, Fan and more. Also, the household inverter works as a battery charger during the availability of the main power supply.

Units in household inverter:

A household inverter has made of using different electronic components like counter IC’s, timer IC’s, MOSFET (Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor), and much more. Here we are going to understand important internal units of household inverters:

  1. Circuit board
  2. Transformer
  3. Indicator panel
  4. Cooling fan